Clostridium difficile is a relatively common enteric pathogen encountered most frequently in association with antibiotic use and as a nosocomial pathogen. Four factors dictate clinical expression: (1) acquisition of the organism from environmental sources or previous colonization; (2) distortion of the competing colonic flora by antibiotics;(3) toxin production; and (4) age-related susceptibility. Characteristics of clinical features include inflammatory diarrhea (cramps, fecal leukocytes, systemic response), endoscopic evidence of colitis or pseudomembranous colitis, and protein-losing enteropathy. The usual diagnostic tests are designed to detect toxin B with a tissue culture assay or toxin A with an enzyme immunoassay.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Seminars in Gastrointestinal Disease|
|State||Published - Feb 3 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas