We report here the cloning and expression of a rat full-length cDNA encoding preproendothelin-3 (preproET-3). The predicted rat preproET-3 consisted of 167 amino acid residues. As in other ET-family peptides, the mature rat ET-3 was predicted to be produced through unusual processing from a 41-residue intermediate, the big ET-3 in rat. Transient transfection of COS-7 cells with the cloned preproET-3 cDNA resulted in the production of mature ET-3 and this production was inhibited by phosphoramidon, a metaloprotease inhibitor. This suggested that a phosphoramidon sensitive mechanism was involved in the production of ET-3 in the transfected COS-7 cells. Northern blot analysis showed that an approximately 3.0-kb rat preproET-3 mRNA was expressed in rat tissues, including the eye ball, submandibular gland, brain, kidney, jejunum, stomach and spleen. A 2.0-kb and a 3.3-kb mRNA were also detected in the eye ball and small intestine, respectively. The distinct distribution of rat preproET-3 mRNA from that of preproET-1 mRNA suggested that ET-1 and ET-3 played different roles.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology