Cloning and characterization of an inversion breakpoint at 6q23.3 suggests a role for Map7 in sacral dysgenesis

R. Sood, P. I. Bader, M. C. Speer, Y. H. Edwards, E. M. Eddings, R. T. Blair, P. Hu, M. U. Faruque, C. M. Robbins, H. Zhang, J. Leuders, K. Morrison, D. Thompson, P. L. Schwartzberg, P. S. Meltzer, J. M. Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here we report on a male patient with sacral dysgenesis (SD) and constitutional pericentric inversion of chromosome 6 (p11.2;q23.3). SD is a heterogeneous group of congenital anomalies with complex genetic etiology. Previously, a patient with sacral abnormalities and an interstitial deletion of 6q23→q25 region has been described. We speculated that a susceptibility gene for SD lies in 6q23.3 region (disrupted in both patients), and therefore, cloning of the breakpoint in our patient would lead to the identification of the disrupted gene. We performed FISH analysis followed by Southern blot analysis and inverse PCR to clone the breakpoint. The 6p11.2 breakpoint mapped very close to the centromere, and the 6q23.3 breakpoint localized in the ninth intron of the MAP7 gene. We then evaluated the involvement of MAP7 in SD by further screening of the gene in several patients with a similar phenotype. Two nucleotide changes causing Ile257Asn and Glu571Ala substitutions in the protein, both affecting amino acid residues conserved in the mouse homolog, were identified in two patients. Both changes are either very rare polymorphisms or true mutations, since they were not detected in 167 normal individuals nor found in the SNP database. Therefore, our study suggests MAP7 as a candidate gene for SD. However, we were unable to detect any sacral defects in the MAP7 knockout mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Organism Cloning
Genes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
Centromere
Southern Blotting
Knockout Mice
Introns
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Nucleotides
Clone Cells
Databases
Phenotype
Amino Acids
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mutation
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Sood, R., Bader, P. I., Speer, M. C., Edwards, Y. H., Eddings, E. M., Blair, R. T., ... Trent, J. M. (2004). Cloning and characterization of an inversion breakpoint at 6q23.3 suggests a role for Map7 in sacral dysgenesis. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 106(1), 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1159/000078563

Cloning and characterization of an inversion breakpoint at 6q23.3 suggests a role for Map7 in sacral dysgenesis. / Sood, R.; Bader, P. I.; Speer, M. C.; Edwards, Y. H.; Eddings, E. M.; Blair, R. T.; Hu, P.; Faruque, M. U.; Robbins, C. M.; Zhang, H.; Leuders, J.; Morrison, K.; Thompson, D.; Schwartzberg, P. L.; Meltzer, P. S.; Trent, J. M.

In: Cytogenetic and Genome Research, Vol. 106, No. 1, 2004, p. 61-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sood, R, Bader, PI, Speer, MC, Edwards, YH, Eddings, EM, Blair, RT, Hu, P, Faruque, MU, Robbins, CM, Zhang, H, Leuders, J, Morrison, K, Thompson, D, Schwartzberg, PL, Meltzer, PS & Trent, JM 2004, 'Cloning and characterization of an inversion breakpoint at 6q23.3 suggests a role for Map7 in sacral dysgenesis', Cytogenetic and Genome Research, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1159/000078563
Sood, R. ; Bader, P. I. ; Speer, M. C. ; Edwards, Y. H. ; Eddings, E. M. ; Blair, R. T. ; Hu, P. ; Faruque, M. U. ; Robbins, C. M. ; Zhang, H. ; Leuders, J. ; Morrison, K. ; Thompson, D. ; Schwartzberg, P. L. ; Meltzer, P. S. ; Trent, J. M. / Cloning and characterization of an inversion breakpoint at 6q23.3 suggests a role for Map7 in sacral dysgenesis. In: Cytogenetic and Genome Research. 2004 ; Vol. 106, No. 1. pp. 61-67.
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abstract = "Here we report on a male patient with sacral dysgenesis (SD) and constitutional pericentric inversion of chromosome 6 (p11.2;q23.3). SD is a heterogeneous group of congenital anomalies with complex genetic etiology. Previously, a patient with sacral abnormalities and an interstitial deletion of 6q23→q25 region has been described. We speculated that a susceptibility gene for SD lies in 6q23.3 region (disrupted in both patients), and therefore, cloning of the breakpoint in our patient would lead to the identification of the disrupted gene. We performed FISH analysis followed by Southern blot analysis and inverse PCR to clone the breakpoint. The 6p11.2 breakpoint mapped very close to the centromere, and the 6q23.3 breakpoint localized in the ninth intron of the MAP7 gene. We then evaluated the involvement of MAP7 in SD by further screening of the gene in several patients with a similar phenotype. Two nucleotide changes causing Ile257Asn and Glu571Ala substitutions in the protein, both affecting amino acid residues conserved in the mouse homolog, were identified in two patients. Both changes are either very rare polymorphisms or true mutations, since they were not detected in 167 normal individuals nor found in the SNP database. Therefore, our study suggests MAP7 as a candidate gene for SD. However, we were unable to detect any sacral defects in the MAP7 knockout mice.",
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AU - Sood, R.

AU - Bader, P. I.

AU - Speer, M. C.

AU - Edwards, Y. H.

AU - Eddings, E. M.

AU - Blair, R. T.

AU - Hu, P.

AU - Faruque, M. U.

AU - Robbins, C. M.

AU - Zhang, H.

AU - Leuders, J.

AU - Morrison, K.

AU - Thompson, D.

AU - Schwartzberg, P. L.

AU - Meltzer, P. S.

AU - Trent, J. M.

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