Variant presentations of cloacal exstrophy are exceedingly rare. Historically, genetic males with cloacal extrophy were re-assigned to the female gender due to phallic inadequacy. Early recognition of intravesical phallic structures in cloacal exstrophy cases may impact gender reassignment discussions and long-term gender outcomes. We report the case of a male infant with cloacal exstrophy presenting with an intravesical phallus, review and compare the presenting anatomical features of the three previously reported cases, and discuss the potential impact of these findings on gender reassignment in these complex children.
- Cloacal exstrophy
- Gender reassignment
- Intravesical phallus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health