Objective: To correlate the histopathologic results of conjunctival specimens with clinical findings in patients with conjunctivochalasis and report the results of the paste-pinch-cut technique for management. Design: Retrospective chart review. Methods: Setting: Single tertiary ophthalmological centre (Ocular Surface Diseases and Dry Eye Clinic, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md.). Methods: Twenty-five patients (32 eyes) with clinically significant conjunctivochalasis. All patients were referred for clinically significant dry eye without previous diagnosis of chalasis. Sixteen patients had an underlying inflammatory systemic condition. Intervention or Observation Procedure(s): Patients underwent surgery with paste-pinch-cut technique. Subjective dry eye symptoms and ocular surface staining scores (corneal and conjunctival staining using fluorescein and lissamine green respectively) were assessed at every visit. Main Outcome Measures: Change in patient symptoms and ocular surface staining scores and histopathologic findings in conjunctival specimens. Results: After surgery, significant improvement was achieved in dry-eye symptoms as well as both corneal and conjunctival staining scores in 29 eyes on reduced topical therapy. Only 3 eyes had persisting conjunctival lissamine staining. Light microscopic examination disclosed mild to moderate lymphoplasmocytic inflammation of the conjunctivae with areas of epithelial goblet cell loss, squamous metaplasia, stromal edema, and fibrosis. Conclusion: Conjunctivochalasis appears to be associated with significant inflammation in the setting of dry eye and underlying inflammatory systemic conditions. Although topical anti-inflammatory treatment could be attempted in the initial management, surgical excision should be considered in the absence of clinical response.
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