Clinicians' approaches to mechanical ventilation in acute lung injury and ARDS

B. T. Thompson, D. Hayden, M. A. Matthay, Roy G Brower, P. E. Parsons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study objectives: To examine clinicians' approaches to mechanical ventilation in patients with acute lung injury (ALI; PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen [FIO2] ≤ 300) and compare ventilator settings in patients with ARDS (PaO2/FIO2 ≤ 200) to settings in patients with milder oxygenation impairment (PaO2/FIO2 of 201 to 300). Design: Retrospective analysis of baseline data from prospective randomized trials conducted by the National Institutes of Health ARDS Network between 1996 and 1999. Setting: Ten clinical centers comprising 24 hospitals and 74 medical and surgical ICUs of the ARDS Network. Measurements and results: The most common mode of mechanical ventilation in both groups was volume-assist control (56%). Synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) or SIMV with pressure support was used more often in patients with PaO2/FIO2 of 201 to 300 than in patients with ARDS. The use of pressure-control ventilation was uncommon (10% overall), as was the use of permissive hypercapnia (6% of patients with ARDS and 3% of patients with PaO2/FIO2 of 201 to 300). The mean ± SD tidal volume was 10.3 ± 2 mL/kg of predicted body weight or 8.6 ± 2 mL/kg of measured weight for patients with ARDS, and was not significantly different for patients with PaO2/FIO2 of 201 to 300. Plateau pressures (Pplats) were lower in the PaO2/FIO2 of 201 to 300 group (27 ± 7 vs 31 ± 8 for the ARDS group; p = 0.0003) and were > 35 cm H2O in 26% of patients. Seventy-eight percent of patients with ARDS received ≤ 10 cm H2O of positive end-expiratory pressure. Conclusions: Physicians in ARDS Network centers caring for patients early in the course of ALI/ARDS used volume-targeted ventilation and selected tidal volumes that resulted in Pplats generally <35 cm H2O. The average tidal volume was similar for patients with ARDS vs those with milder oxygenation deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1622-1627
Number of pages6
JournalChest
Volume120
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • ARDS
  • Mechanical ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Thompson, B. T., Hayden, D., Matthay, M. A., Brower, R. G., & Parsons, P. E. (2001). Clinicians' approaches to mechanical ventilation in acute lung injury and ARDS. Chest, 120(5), 1622-1627. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.120.5.1622