Clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings in patients undergoing reoperation following radiation therapy and temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma

Susannah Ellsworth, Xiaobu Ye, Stuart A. Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Patients with glioblastoma (GBM) frequently deteriorate clinically and radiographically after chemoradiation and may require repeat surgical intervention. We attempted to correlate pathologic findings with preoperative clinical characteristics and survival in patients undergoing reoperation for GBM. Materials and Methods: Patients eligible for this retrospective analysis had pathologically confirmed GBM diagnosed between 2005 and 2010, received standard radiation and temozolomide, and underwent repeat resection within 18 months of diagnosis. Results: Thirty-eight patients were identified. Median age was 56 years (range, 30 to 80 y), 55% were male, and 66% had baseline performance status ≥90%. Median survival was 16.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 13.3-19.8) from initial surgery. At reoperation, 21% of patients had no pathologically evident tumor. Median time from initial diagnosis to second surgery was similar in patients with and without evident tumor (8.5 vs. 8.8 mo, respectively). Patients without evident tumor tended to have a worse performance status. Median overall survival from second surgery was 7 months (95% CI, 4.2-10.1) and 9.1 months (95% CI, 2.1-25.3) for patients with and without evident tumor, respectively. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis showed a hazard ratio for death of 0.61 (95% CI, 0.25-1.49) for patients without evident tumor after adjusting for Karnofsky performance status and second surgical procedure. Conclusions: GBM patients with and without disease recurrence have similar clinical characteristics at the time of second surgical resection. Pathologic outcomes were not correlated with specific clinical or radiologic characteristics, including the time from diagnosis to reoperation. There was a trend toward improved overall survival among patients without evident tumor at reoperation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-222
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • glioblastoma
  • pathology
  • recurrence
  • reoperation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings in patients undergoing reoperation following radiation therapy and temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this