In this study, we review the clinical presentation, treatment, and prognosis of 89 patients with stage I cervical adenocarcinoma treated at Strong Memorial Hospital over the past 25 years. In the past decade, the mean age of patients with stage I cervical adenocarcinoma was 44 years, in contrast to a mean of 58 years in the prior interval (P < 0.001). Prior to 1980 only 4% of patients were of childbearing age, whereas in the past decade 27% were under 35 years old (P = 0.02). The difference in age at presentation cannot be explained by earlier detection, as the fraction of stage I patients, the mean tumor size, and the percentage of clinically occult tumors have not changed. There were no ovarian metastases in 41 patients who underwent oophorectomy. Adenosquamous tumors did not differ in prognosis from pure adenocarcinoma. Grade and lymph node status were significant predictors of outcome. Treatment results have not improved over the past 25 years, and combined therapy with radiation and surgery offered no advantage over radiation alone. Because this tumor is more frequently seen in younger patients, the management of occult adenocarcinoma with early stromal invasion has become problematic. Ovarian conservation has been questioned, and the lack of generally accepted criteria for microinvasive adenocarcinoma has led to radical therapy in patients who might have been adequately treated with local excision. Further study is necessary to guide our recommendations regarding preservation of ovarian function or even childbearing potential in young women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology