Clinical outcomes of secondary scleral-sutured foldable hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens placement by trainees: A single-site analysis

Yesha S. Shah, Angela Y. Zhu, Sidra I. Zafar, Daniel Sarezky, Ximin Li, T. Y.Alvin Liu, Mira M. Sachdeva, Fasika A. Woreta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of a 4-point scleral-fixated foldable Akreos AO60 intraocular lens (IOL) insertion using Gore-Tex suture performed by trainees under supervision of a single attending surgeon. Methods: Retrospective chart review for 53 eyes of 50 patients whose surgery was performed by trainees under supervision of a single surgeon between 2015 and 2018 at a tertiary care hospital (Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, MD). Indications for surgery, preoperative risk factors, and intraoperative techniques were analyzed. Outcome measures included final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), change in BCVA, difference between expected and final spherical equivalent (SE), and postoperative complications. Results: Mean patient age was 62.8 years (range 26.9 to 88.4). The most common indication for surgery was IOL dislocation (59.6%) due to trauma in 21 cases (40.4%) and pseudoex-foliation in 6 (11.5%). Combined pars plana vitrectomy was performed simultaneously in 46 cases (88.5%). Mean BCVA improved from 20/100 to 20/40 (p < 0.001). The difference between expected and final SE was within 1.0 D in 28 cases (53.8%). Postoperative hypotony occurred in 12 eyes (21.2%) on day 1; all were resolved at last follow-up. Postoperative cystoid macular edema (CME) occurred in 20 cases (38.5%); 11 (21.2%) persisted through last follow-up. Conclusion: Scleral-fixation of Akreos AO60 IOL in absence of capsular support can be performed by trainees under supervision and results in effective visual rehabilitation. Postoperative CME occurred at a higher rate than previously reported in the literature. Future studies should assess the rates of postoperative complications amongst different techniques of secondary IOL fixation performed by trainees to determine which is the safest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-790
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Akreos
  • Clinical outcomes
  • Scleral-fixated IOL
  • Scleral-sutured IOL
  • Secondary IOL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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