Clinical outcomes in pediatric hemodialysis patients in the USA: Lessons from CMS' ESRD CPM project

Alicia M. Neu, Diane L. Frankenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Although prospective randomized trials have provided important information and allowed the development of evidence-based guidelines in adult hemodialysis (HD) patients, with approximately 800 prevalent pediatric HD patients in the United States, such studies are difficult to perform in this population. Observational data obtained through the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS') End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) Project have allowed description of the clinical care provided to pediatric HD patients as well as identification of risk factors for failure to reach adult targets for clinical parameters such as hemoglobin, single-pool Kt/V (spKt/V) and serum albumin. In addition, studies linking data from the ESRD CPM Project and the United States Renal Data System have allowed evaluation of associations between achievement of those targets and the outcomes of hospitalization and death. The results of those studies, while unable to prove cause and effect, suggest that the adult ESRD CPM targets may assist in identifying pediatric HD patients at risk for poor outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1295
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • CPM
  • Clinical performance measures
  • Hemodialysis
  • Hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Outcomes
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nephrology

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