Clinical outcome of using ganirelix acetate versus a 4-day follicular phase leuprolide acetate protocol in unselected women undergoing in vitro fertilization

M. Natalia Posada, Nikos P. Vlahos, Marcus W. Jurema, Nabal J. Bracero, Edward E. Wallach, Jairo E. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare the clinical outcome of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in unselected patients undergoing IVF using multidose ganirelix acetate versus 4 days of administration of leuprolide acetate. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A fertility and IVF center. Patient(s): Two hundred forty-seven women who underwent COH-IVF between April 1, 1999, and January 30, 2001. Intervention(s): Pituitary suppression according to a 4-day follicular phase leuprolide acetate protocol (236 women) or a multidose ganirelix acetate regimen (133 women). Main Outcome Measure(s): Amount of gonadotropin used, days of stimulation, cancellation rate, number of oocytes retrieved, implantation rate, and clinical pregnancy rate. Result(s): Compared with leuprolide acetate recipients, ganirelix recipients required significantly less gonadotropin and the mean day of hCG administration was 4 days earlier. Among women younger than 35 years of age, the implantation rate (15% vs. 6%) and the clinical pregnancy rate per initiated and transferred cycle (27% vs. 12% and 32% vs. 15%, respectively) were significantly higher in the ganirelix group than the leuprolide acetate group. Conclusion(s): Compared with a 4-day leuprolide acetate protocol, COH-IVF using a multidose ganirelix acetate protocol reduces treatment duration and amount of gonadotropin used. In younger women, the latter protocol is associated with significantly better pregnancy and implantation rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Controlled ovarian stimulation
  • Flare-up protocol
  • Ganirelix acetate
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Leuprolide acetate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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