Clinical manifestations and risk factors of pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in patients with aids

Lesia K. Dropulic, Jo M. Leslie, Lois J. Eldred, Jonathan Zenilman, Cynthia L. Sears

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fifty-eight patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection were analyzed for clinical manifestations and potential risk factors for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection by use of casecontrol methodology. Most had AIDS. Of73 episodes of P. aeruginosa infection, 45 (62%) were bacteremias primarily associated with central venous catheters (16), pneumonia (12), soft tissue (4), or urinary tract infections (4). Twenty-eight episodes (38%) were nonbacteremic, with pneumonia (13), soft tissue infections (6), and sinusitis (4) accounting for the majority of infections. Fifty episodes (68%) were community-acquired. The recurrence rate was 23%. The overall mortality attributable to P. aeruginosa infection was 22%. Central venous and urinary catheter use and steroid therapy were significantly more frequent in cases than controls (P <.05). Thus, P. aeruginosa infection in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease is often community-acquired and associated with substantial mortality and, in some cases, specific risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-937
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume171
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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