Clinical implications of the transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric anesthesia

Christine L. Mai, Mark J. Young, Sadeq A. Quraishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Optimal perioperative analgesia for infants and children after major abdominal surgery poses a challenge when central neuraxial techniques are contraindicated. As a regional anesthesia technique, the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to reduce opioid consumption and improve pain scores compared to traditional perioperative pain strategies. Accordingly, TAP blocks may be considered as an alternative to central neuraxial analgesia to optimize perioperative pain control. Advancements in ultrasound technology have further improved the reliability and safety profile of this technique. Despite growing recognition of the diverse clinical scenarios where TAP blocks may be of benefit, its use among pediatric anesthesiologists remains limited. This article describes the history, anatomy, and a review of the current literature on TAP blocks with an emphasis on outcomes in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-840
Number of pages10
JournalPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Abdominal Muscles
Anesthesia
Pediatrics
Pain
Analgesia
Conduction Anesthesia
Opioid Analgesics
Anatomy
History
Technology
Safety

Keywords

  • nerve block
  • pediatric
  • regional anesthesia
  • TAP
  • transversus abdominis plane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Clinical implications of the transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric anesthesia. / Mai, Christine L.; Young, Mark J.; Quraishi, Sadeq A.

In: Paediatric Anaesthesia, Vol. 22, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 831-840.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mai, Christine L. ; Young, Mark J. ; Quraishi, Sadeq A. / Clinical implications of the transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric anesthesia. In: Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 9. pp. 831-840.
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