Clinical features and visual outcomes of scleritis patients presented to tertiary care eye centers in Saudi Arabia

Mohammad Al Barqi, Ashley Behrens, Abdullah M. Alfawaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

• AIM: To describe the clinical features, systemic associations, treatment and visual outcomes in Saudi patients with scleritis. • METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients with scleritis presenting to two tertiary care eye hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from 2001 to 2011. Data were collected on the clinical features of scleritis, subtypes of scleritis, associated systemic disease, history of previous ocular surgery and medical therapy, including the use of immunosuppressants. Treatment outcomes were evaluated based on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and response to treatment. • RESULTS: Of the 52 patients included in the study, non-necrotizing anterior scleritis was the most common type of scleritis in 22 patients (42.3%), followed by posterior scleritis in 14 patients (26.9%). The majority of cases, 31 patients (59.6%), were idiopathic in nature. Systemic associations were present in 12 patients (23.1%). Infectious scleritis was confirmed in 6 patients (11.5%): 3 with bacterial scleritis after pterygium excision, 2 patients with scleritis related to tuberculosis and 1 patient with scleritis resulting from herpes simplex infection. For the various subtypes of scleritis, BCVA values after treatment and time to remission significantly differed (P<0.05, all cases).Systemic immunosuppressive therapies in addition to steroids were administered to 46.2% of all patients. The T-sign was present on B-scan ultrasonography in 9 (64.3%) of the 14 posterior scleritis patients. • CONCLUSION: Non-necrotizing anterior scleritis was the most common subtype of scleritis. Final visual outcome and time to remission differed among the various scleritis subtypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1215-1219
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2015

Keywords

  • Autoimmune
  • Episcleritis
  • Immunosuppressive therapy
  • Necrotizing
  • Scleritis
  • Scleromalacia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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