Clinical features and outcomes of invasive breast cancer: Age-specific analysis of a modern hospital-based registry

Ji Yeon Kim, Danbee Kang, Seok Jin Nam, Seok Won Kim, Jeong Eon Lee, Jong Han Yu, Se Kyung Lee, Young Hyuck Im, Jin Seok Ahn, Eliseo Guallar, Juhee Cho, Yeon Hee Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE We evaluated the clinical features and outcomes of invasive breast cancer (BC) among different age groups by analyzing a modern BC registry including subtypes and treatment information. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study of 6,405 women aged 18 years or older with pathologically confirmed stage I, II, or III BC who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant therapy at a university-based hospital in Seoul, South Korea, between January 2003 and December 2011. The study end point was all-cause mortality. We used Cox proportional hazards models and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs calculated after adjusting for age, body mass index, stage, subtype, and treatment, including type of surgery and use of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. RESULTS During 36,360 person-years of follow-up (median follow-up: 5.45 years; interquartile range, 4.3-7.1), 256 deaths were reported (mortality rate, 7.0/1,000 person-years). The adjusted HR for all-cause mortality was higher in patients older than 40 years (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.44 to 2.87) and older than 60 years (HR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.63 to 3.39) than in patients aged 40 to 49 years. Across age groups, advanced stage at diagnosis, luminal type as well as triple-negative BC, and not receiving adjuvant treatment were associated with increased risk of mortality. CONCLUSION A strong J-shaped relationship was observed between age and mortality, indicating worse clinical outcomes in young and old patients. This study suggested a possible benefit of personalized BC screening examination and precise and active treatment strategies to reduce BC-related mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Global Oncology
Volume2019
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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