Clinical experience with a new nitinol self-expanding stent in peripheral arteries

M. Henry, M. Amor, R. Beyar, I. Henry, J. M. Porte, B. Mentre, O. Tricoche, G. Ethevenot

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate a new self-expanding nitinol coil stent in stenotic or occluded peripheral arteries. Methods: Seventy-three symptomatic patients (58 men; mean age 67 years) were treated with nitinol stents for lesions in the iliac artery (9 stenoses); superficial femoral artery (SFA) (39 stenoses, 6 occlusions); popliteal artery and tibioperoneal trunk (9 stenoses, 7 occlusions); and 3 bypass grafts. Mean diameter stenosis was 84.4% ± 9.9% (range 75% to 100%), and mean lesion length was 45 ± 23 mm (range 20 to 120 mm). Results: Eighty eight 40-mm-long stents with diameters between 5 and 8 mm were implanted percutaneously for suboptimal dilation (n = 45); dissection (n = 21); and restenosis (n = 7). All stents but one were implanted successfully; the malpositioned stent was removed, and another stent was successfully deployed. There were 3 (4.1%) failures due to thrombosis at 24 hours. During the mean 16-month follow-up (range to 44 months), 4 restenoses (3 femoral, 1 popliteal) have occurred; 2 were treated with repeat dilation and 2 underwent bypass. Primary and secondary patency rates at 18 months were 87% and 90%, respectively, for all lesions (iliac: 100% for both; femoral: 85% and 88%; popliteal: 87% and 100%). Conclusions: This new nitinol stent seems to be safe and effective with favorable long-term results, even in distal SFA lesions and popliteal arteries. Its flexibility and resistance to external compression allow its placement in tortuous arteries and near joints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-379
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Endovascular Surgery
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • balloon dilation
  • long-term results
  • peripheral angioplasty
  • peripheral vascular occlusive disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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