Clinical efficacy of highly purified urinary FSH versus recombinant FSH in volunteers undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization: a randomized, multicenter, investigator-blind trial

Valerie L. Baker, Victor Y. Fujimoto, L. Michael Kettel, G. David Adamson, Fred Hoehler, Clarence E. Jones, Michael R. Soules

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To compare the efficacy of highly purified human urinary follicle stimulating hormone (HP-hFSH) versus human recombinant follitropin-alpha (rFSH) in volunteers undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for IVF. Design: A randomized, controlled, investigator-blind trial. Setting: Four assisted reproductive technology centers. Patient(s): One hundred fifty-two IVF patients. Intervention(s): Volunteers, aged 18-39, were randomized to HP-hFSH (n = 76) versus rFSH (n = 76) at a starting dose of 300 IU in down-regulated cycles. Main Outcome Measure(s): Number of oocytes, clinical pregnancy rate, and live birth rate with HP-hFSH versus rFSH. Result(s): The total IU of gonadotropin used did not differ between the two groups. There was no difference in number of oocytes retrieved with HP-hFSH (mean = 16.3) compared with rFSH (mean = 17.1), confidence interval (CI) of difference = -3.79 to +2.18. Clinical pregnancy rate, as defined by the presence of a gestational sac, was 48.7% (CI = 37.0%-60.4%) with HP-hFSH versus 44.7% (CI = 33.3%-56.6%) with rFSH (CI of difference = -11.9% to +19.8%). Live birth rate was 38.2% (29 of 76) in both groups (CI = 27.2%-50.0%), for a difference between groups of 0.0% (CI of the difference = -15.4% to +15.4%). Conclusion(s): There were no statistically significant differences in mean oocyte number, clinical pregnancy rate, or live birth rate between HP-hFSH versus rFSH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1011
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • IVF
  • clinical outcome
  • highly purified urinary FSH
  • pregnancy
  • recombinant FSH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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