Clinical course associated with vascular access type in a national cohort of adolescents who receive hemodialysis: findings from the Clinical Performance Measures and US Renal Data System projects.

Jeffrey J. Fadrowski, Wenke Hwang, Diane L. Frankenfield, Barbara A. Fivush, Alicia M. Neu, Susan L. Furth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Limited research has described clinical outcomes that are associated with the type of vascular access in pediatric patients who receive maintenance hemodialysis. This retrospective cohort study examined prevalent pediatric patients who were aged 12 to <18 yr and identified in the 2000 ESRD Clinical Performance Measures Project as receiving in-center hemodialysis. Vascular access type as of December 31, 1999, was identified. These patients were linked with 1 yr of data (January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2000) from US Renal Data System standard analytic files that allow for the comparison of rates of hospitalizations and access complications by access type. Of the 418 patients who met inclusion criteria, the mean age was 15.6 yr, 53% were male, 49% were white, the mean time on dialysis was 22 mo, and 42% had a structural/urologic cause of ESRD; 42% of patients had an arteriovenous graft or fistula, and 58% had a vascular catheter. Patients with a vascular catheter as compared with those with a graft or fistula had the following adjusted relative risks (95% confidence interval): 1.84 (1.38 to 2.44) for hospitalization for any cause, 4.74 (2.02 to 11.14) for hospitalization as a result of infection, and 2.72 (2.00 to 3.69) for a complication of vascular access. Vascular catheters are the predominant access type in adolescent patients who receive maintenance hemodialysis and are associated with significantly more hospitalizations and complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-992
Number of pages6
JournalClinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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