Clinical characteristics associated with psychosocial functioning among patients with uncomplicated epilepsy in Spain

M. Falip, L. Artazcoz, P. de la Peña, A. Pérez-Sempere, M. Codina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To identify the clinical characteristics associated with poor psychosocial functioning among Spanish patients with epilepsy but no other neurological or psychiatric disorder. Methods: Between May and September 2001 a survey among patients with epilepsy was carried out in 32 Spanish health care centres. The selection criteria of patients were attendance to a routine neurologist visit, to be aged between 25 and 64 and not having another additional neurological handicap (n = 812). Psychosocial function was elicited through six indicators: educational level, marital status, unemployment status, restricted car driving, self-perception of epilepsy as an important limiting factor in the educational level achieved and, among unemployed, as the cause of their unemployment. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted in order to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and their 95% confidence intervals. Results: After simultaneously adjusting for socio-demographic variables and clinical characteristics, the six outcomes analysed increased with seizure frequency. Moreover, all the outcomes except low educational level were also related to early age at onset of epilepsy. Although no relation with objective educational level was found, there was a strong association between early age at onset of symptoms and self-perception of epilepsy as an important limiting factor of educational achievement. Conclusion: These findings emphasize the need for more effective treatment of epilepsy and also highlight the importance of a psychosocial approach to management of epilepsy for patients with an early onset of symptoms in order to prevent social limitations in adult life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalSeizure
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Educational status
  • Epilepsy
  • Marriage
  • Occupational health
  • Social adjustment
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

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