Context: McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disorder characterized by fibrous dysplasia of bone, café-au-lait macules, and hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies. It arises from somatic gain-of-function mutations in GNAS, which encodes the cAMP-regulating protein Ga s . Somatic GNAS mutations have been reported in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and various gastrointestinal (GI) tumors. The clinical spectrum and prevalence of MAS-associated GI disease is not well established. Objective: Define the spectrum and prevalence of MAS-associated GI pathology in a large cohort of patients with MAS. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and The Johns Hopkins Hospital. Methods: Fifty-four consecutive subjects with MAS (28 males; age range, 7 to 67 years) were screened with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Results: Thirty of 54 subjects (56%) had radiographic GI abnormalities. Twenty-five (46%) of the screened subjects had IPMNs (mean age of 35.1 years). Fourteen of the 25 had IPMNs alone, and 11 had IPMNs and abnormal hepatobiliary imaging. The 30 patients with MAS-associated GI pathology had a higher prevalence of acute pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, and skeletal disease burden of fibrous dysplasia than patients without GI disease. Conclusions: A broad spectrum of GI pathology is associated with MAS. IPMNs are common and occur at a younger age than in the general population. Patients with MAS should be considered for screening with a focused GI history and baseline MRCP. Further determination of the natural history and malignant potential of IPMNs in MAS is needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical