Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD

P. L. Moylan, H. E. Jones, N. A. Haug, W. B. Kissin, D. S. Svikis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study compared psychiatric and psychosocial functioning in 123 pregnant opiate- and/or cocaine-dependent women with and without a comorbid diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were enrolled in a comprehensive perinatal drug treatment program and completed assessments upon admission. Lifetime diagnostic prevalence of PTSD [Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) confirmed] among the sample was 19%. Participants with PTSD (n=24) reported greater need for psychiatric treatment, were more likely to report a previous suicide attempt, and had more previous drug treatments than participants without PTSD (n=99). Women with PTSD were twice as likely to have lifetime Axis I and Axis II disorders and had higher rates of abuse than women without PTSD. Lifetime sexual abuse and ASI family/social composite scores were significant predictors of PTSD. Findings suggest that pregnant drug-dependent women with comorbid PTSD may benefit from specialized treatment services for trauma and/or abuse issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-474
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Drug therapy
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Opiate Alkaloids
Pregnant Women
Cocaine
Composite materials
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Psychiatry
Sex Offenses
Therapeutics
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Suicide
Interviews
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Drug addiction
  • Drug dependence
  • Pregnancy
  • PTSD
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD. / Moylan, P. L.; Jones, H. E.; Haug, N. A.; Kissin, W. B.; Svikis, D. S.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2001, p. 469-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moylan, P. L. ; Jones, H. E. ; Haug, N. A. ; Kissin, W. B. ; Svikis, D. S. / Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2001 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 469-474.
@article{e0f11f7b1ba6409fa36bad9225232a0e,
title = "Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD",
abstract = "The present study compared psychiatric and psychosocial functioning in 123 pregnant opiate- and/or cocaine-dependent women with and without a comorbid diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were enrolled in a comprehensive perinatal drug treatment program and completed assessments upon admission. Lifetime diagnostic prevalence of PTSD [Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) confirmed] among the sample was 19{\%}. Participants with PTSD (n=24) reported greater need for psychiatric treatment, were more likely to report a previous suicide attempt, and had more previous drug treatments than participants without PTSD (n=99). Women with PTSD were twice as likely to have lifetime Axis I and Axis II disorders and had higher rates of abuse than women without PTSD. Lifetime sexual abuse and ASI family/social composite scores were significant predictors of PTSD. Findings suggest that pregnant drug-dependent women with comorbid PTSD may benefit from specialized treatment services for trauma and/or abuse issues.",
keywords = "Abuse, Drug addiction, Drug dependence, Pregnancy, PTSD, Women",
author = "Moylan, {P. L.} and Jones, {H. E.} and Haug, {N. A.} and Kissin, {W. B.} and Svikis, {D. S.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00141-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "469--474",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical and psychosocial characteristics of substance-dependent pregnant women with and without PTSD

AU - Moylan, P. L.

AU - Jones, H. E.

AU - Haug, N. A.

AU - Kissin, W. B.

AU - Svikis, D. S.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - The present study compared psychiatric and psychosocial functioning in 123 pregnant opiate- and/or cocaine-dependent women with and without a comorbid diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were enrolled in a comprehensive perinatal drug treatment program and completed assessments upon admission. Lifetime diagnostic prevalence of PTSD [Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) confirmed] among the sample was 19%. Participants with PTSD (n=24) reported greater need for psychiatric treatment, were more likely to report a previous suicide attempt, and had more previous drug treatments than participants without PTSD (n=99). Women with PTSD were twice as likely to have lifetime Axis I and Axis II disorders and had higher rates of abuse than women without PTSD. Lifetime sexual abuse and ASI family/social composite scores were significant predictors of PTSD. Findings suggest that pregnant drug-dependent women with comorbid PTSD may benefit from specialized treatment services for trauma and/or abuse issues.

AB - The present study compared psychiatric and psychosocial functioning in 123 pregnant opiate- and/or cocaine-dependent women with and without a comorbid diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were enrolled in a comprehensive perinatal drug treatment program and completed assessments upon admission. Lifetime diagnostic prevalence of PTSD [Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) confirmed] among the sample was 19%. Participants with PTSD (n=24) reported greater need for psychiatric treatment, were more likely to report a previous suicide attempt, and had more previous drug treatments than participants without PTSD (n=99). Women with PTSD were twice as likely to have lifetime Axis I and Axis II disorders and had higher rates of abuse than women without PTSD. Lifetime sexual abuse and ASI family/social composite scores were significant predictors of PTSD. Findings suggest that pregnant drug-dependent women with comorbid PTSD may benefit from specialized treatment services for trauma and/or abuse issues.

KW - Abuse

KW - Drug addiction

KW - Drug dependence

KW - Pregnancy

KW - PTSD

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035047038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035047038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00141-6

DO - 10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00141-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 11436939

AN - SCOPUS:0035047038

VL - 26

SP - 469

EP - 474

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 3

ER -