Purpose: To achieve an adequate plasma concentration of bepridil, a calcium channel blocker, which reverts multidrug resistance (MDR) in vitro, when administered in combination with vinblastine in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, a tumor characterized by high MDR1 gene expression. To study the pharmacokinetics of both drugs, tolerability and antitumor activity in relation to the MDR1 expression in tumor tissue. Patients and Methods: Sixteen colorectal cancer patients entered the study. Bepridil was administered by central venous catheter as 5-mg/kg bolus over 30 minutes, followed by 12 mg/kg for 12 hours and 5 mg/kg for 24 hours. Vinblastine 5 mg/m2 was administered as an intravenous (IV) bolus 24.5 hours after the start of bepridil. MDR1/P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression was assessed in 14 tumor samples by immunohistochemistry and RNase protection assay. Results: The bepridil plasma level was greater than 2 μmol/L at the time of vinblastine administration in all patients investigated. At the dose used in the study, bepridil produced a QT(c)-prolongation more than 50 ms, which prevented further dose escalation. However, cardiac toxicity was asymptomatic in all treated patients, and other side effects were mild. MDR1/Pgp expression was positive in nine of 14 cases. Of fifteen patients assessable for response, one complete remission of 8 months' duration and 14 progressions were observed. The responding patient attained complete remission again when re-treated on progression with vinblastine alone. Conclusion: Bepridil plasma concentrations needed in vitro to modulate MDR could be achieved in this study with tolerable toxicity; however, despite most tumors being MDR1/Pgp-positive, no response was obtained that could be attributed to the drug combination. Mechanisms of drug resistance other than MDR are probably implicated in drug resistance of colorectal cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - Apr 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research