Clinical and epidemiological aspects of chronic chagas disease from southern brazil

Kárita Cláudia Freitas Lidani, Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Cesar Maistro Guimarães, Eduardo Nunes Marques, Marcia Holsbach Beltrame, Robert Hugh Gilman, Iara de Messias-Reason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with Chagas disease (CD), caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, present a higher risk of developing other chronic diseases, which may contribute to CD severity. Since CD is underreported in the southern state of Paraná, Brazil, we aimed to characterize clinical and epidemiological aspects of individuals chronically infected with T. cruzi in Southern Brazil. Methods: A community hospital-based study was performed, recording clinical/demographic characteristics of 237 patients with CD from Southern Brazil. To estimate the association between different forms of CD and sociodemographic and clinical variables, multiple logistic regression models were built using the Akaike information criterion. Results: Mean age was 57.5 years and 59% were females. Most patients’ (60%) place of origin/birth was within Paraná and they were admitted to the CD outpatient clinic after presenting with cardiac/digestive symptoms (64%). The predominant form of CD was cardiac (53%), followed by indeterminate (36%), and digestive (11%). The main electrocardiographic changes were in the right bundle branch block (39%) and left anterior fascicular block (32%). The average number of comorbidities per patient was 3.9±2.3; systemic arterial hypertension was most common (64%), followed by dyslipidemia (34%) and diabetes (19%); overlapping comorbidities were counted separately. Male sex was associated with symptomatic cardiac CD (OR=2.92; 95%CI: 1.05-8.12; p=0.040). Conclusions: This study provided greater understanding of the distribution and clinical profile of CD patients in Southern Brazil, indicating a high prevalence of comorbidities among these patients who are a vulnerable group due to advanced age and substantial risk of morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20200225
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalRevista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Chagas disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Trypanosoma cruzi infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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