Clinical Accuracy, Technical Precision, and Workflow of the First in Human Use of an Augmented-Reality Head-Mounted Display Stereotactic Navigation System for Spine Surgery

Camilo A. Molina, Daniel M. Sciubba, Jacob K. Greenberg, Majid Khan, Timothy Witham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Augmented reality mediated spine surgery is a novel technology for spine navigation. Benchmark cadaveric data have demonstrated high accuracy and precision leading to recent regulatory approval. Absence of respiratory motion in cadaveric studies may positively bias precision and accuracy results and analogous investigations are prudent in live clinical scenarios. OBJECTIVE: To report a technical note, accuracy, precision analysis of the first in-human deployment of this technology. METHODS: A 78-yr-old female underwent an L4-S1 decompression, pedicle screw, and rod fixation for degenerative spine disease. Six pedicle screws were inserted via AR-HMD (xvision; Augmedics, Chicago, Illinois) navigation. Intraoperative computed tomography was used for navigation registration as well as implant accuracy and precision assessment. Clinical accuracy was graded per the Gertzbein-Robbins (GS) scale by an independent neuroradiologist. Technical precision was analyzed by comparing 3-dimensional (3D) (x, y, z) virtual implant vs real implant position coordinates and reported as linear (mm) and angular (°) deviation. Present data were compared to benchmark cadaveric data. RESULTS: Clinical accuracy (per the GS grading scale) was 100%. Technical precision analysis yielded a mean linear deviation of 2.07 mm (95% CI: 1.62-2.52 mm) and angular deviation of 2.41° (95% CI: 1.57-3.25°). In comparison to prior cadaveric data (99.1%, 2.03 ± 0.99 mm, 1.41 ± 0.61°; GS accuracy 3D linear and angular deviation, respectively), the present results were not significantly different (P > .05). CONCLUSION: The first in human deployment of the single Food and Drug Administration approved AR-HMD stereotactic spine navigation platform demonstrated clinical accuracy and technical precision of inserted hardware comparable to previously acquired cadaveric studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-309
Number of pages10
JournalOperative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2021

Keywords

  • Augmented reality
  • Computer-assisted spine surgery
  • Mixed reality
  • Spine navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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