BACKGROUND: Disclosing HIV status to HIV-positive children is a major challenge facing families and health care providers. Despite recommendations for disclosure, rates remain low. We tested whether a pediatric HIV disclosure intervention delivered as an integral component of routine HIV health care in Ghana would improve disclosure to children. METHODS: Dyads of HIV-infected children aged 7-18 years and their caregivers were enrolled from 2 HIV clinics in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. The sites were randomly assigned to one of the 2 intervention arms to avoid treatment contamination between intervention and control participants. Trained interventionist used theory-guided therapeutic communication and personalized interaction to promote disclosure. Disclosure outcomes were measured at 12-week intervals. All analyses were completed using a modified intention-to-treat approach. RESULTS: We enrolled 446 child-caregiver dyads (N = 240 intervention group; N = 206 control group); 52% of the children were boys, mean age 9.78 (±2.27) years. For disclosure at 1 year, a better overall treatment effect was observed (P < 0.001). Children in the treatment group had greater disclosure at each time point (P < 0.001) and a higher proportion of them had been disclosed to by 1 year (51.4% vs. 16.2%; P < 0.001; un-adjusted hazard ratio = 3.98: 95% confidence interval: 2.63 to 6.03) and 3 years (71.3% vs. 34.0%; unadjusted hazard ratio = 4.21: 95% confidence interval: 3.09 to 5.72). In the multivariate Cox model, factors associated with disclosure were treatment group (P < 0.001), children <11 years of age (P < 0.001), HIV-infected caregivers (P = 0.015), and caregiver's with greater education (P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: This practical clinic-based disclosure intervention shows excellent promise as a means of improving HIV pediatric disclosure outcomes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)|
|State||Published - May 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)