Klassifikation biomedizinischer Forschungsberichte als Grundlage evidenzbasierter medizin in der augenheilkunde. Eine untersuchung am beispiel der zeitschrift Der Ophthalmologe

Translated title of the contribution: Classification of biomedical research reports as a reference for evidence-based medicine in ophthalmology. A survey considering as example the journal Der Ophthalmologe

H. P.N. Scholl, M. Fleckenstein, T. U. Krohne, F. G. Holz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Evidence-based medicine requires careful appraisal of published data derived from experimental and clinical studies. Based on classification of biomedical research reports, evidence levels can be determined and recommendations for therapeutic decisions can be made. Methods. A classification system for clinical studies was developed. It was evaluated in classifying the reports published in Der Ophthalmologe during 2003-2004 (study design: descriptive cross-sectional study, case series). Results. In the 2-year interval, 70 longitudinal and 95 cross-sectional studies were published. The vast majority of the longitudinal studies were interventional cohort studies. Not considering case reports, 73% of the original articles were longitudinal prospective studies, 1% were retrospective (case-control) studies, and 26% were cross-sectional studies. Conclusions. The study design of all published articles could be classified using the classification system. This classification system proves to be applicable in the context of clinical studies in ophthalmology and may be helpful in the process of critical appraisal of the literature and synthesis of clinical evidence and an evidence-based recommendation.

Translated title of the contributionClassification of biomedical research reports as a reference for evidence-based medicine in ophthalmology. A survey considering as example the journal Der Ophthalmologe
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)1152-1161
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmologe
Volume102
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • Study design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of biomedical research reports as a reference for evidence-based medicine in ophthalmology. A survey considering as example the journal Der Ophthalmologe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this