Classification as a criterion to select model order for dynamic functional connectivity states in rest-fMRI data

Debbrata K. Saha, Anees Abrol, Eswar Damaraju, Barnaly Rashid, Sergey M. Plis, Vince D. Calhoun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Currently, there is extensive research ongoing to analyze the dynamics of brain connectivity in resting fMRI data. In such approaches, there is often a selection of the number of connectivity states which are present within the data. Typically, an order selection approach such as the elbow criteria is used for this when time-varying connectivity estimates are acquired using sliding-window approach and clustered using k-means algorithm. In this work we evaluate the benefits of using classification (e.g. of patients versus controls) as a criterion for evaluating the optimal number of states (or clusters). We compare different classification strategies to perform the classification while optimizing for the number of clusters (selected via a k-means approach). In our approach, we compute cross-validated classification accuracy and variability at different numbers of states for healthy control (HC) versus schizophrenia (SZ) patients. Consistent with our earlier reports, we find improvement in classification performance when dynamic connectivity measures are combined with static connectivity measures. We also show that the model order at which maximal classification accuracy is obtained (four dynamic states for this data) can be different from the order obtained using standard k-means model order selection methods (that result in five states for the data at hand) across different combinations of features trained. We also investigate if additional information from hierarchical clustering of first level states can contribute to the performance of classification accuracy and observe no evidence for additional sub-clusters in short 5-minute resting scans. In sum, the results suggest the use of classification accuracy as a promising metric for selecting the number of states in a dynamic connectivity analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISBI 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636411
StatePublished - Apr 2019
Event16th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2019 - Venice, Italy
Duration: Apr 8 2019Apr 11 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
ISSN (Print)1945-7928
ISSN (Electronic)1945-8452


Conference16th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, ISBI 2019


  • Classification
  • DFNC
  • Hierarchical clustering
  • Model order

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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