Combination of the splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (SMZL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is extremely rare. We report a unique case with concurrent SMZL and cHL. The patient was a 63-year-old man who presented with fatigue and anemia, showing a splenomegaly and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy. A splenectomy revealed monotonous marginal zone lymphocytic infiltrates and numerous large Reed-Sternberg-like cells. Flow cytometry revealed a κ light-chain-restricted CD5 (-), CD23 (-) B-cell population. DNA polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed the presence of clonal rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene. Immunohistochemical studies revealed that the large atypical cells were CD30 (+), CD15 (weakly +), CD20 (-), CD45 (-), Pax5 (weakly +), BOB.1 (-), and Oct2 (-), indicating the coexistence of SMZL with cHL. After the chemotherapy, the patient achieved a clinical/radiologic remission, whereas cHL was detected in liver and bone marrow subsequently. The case indicates that both components of lymphoma can present concurrently as a composite form of lymphoma and both need to be treated adequately.
- Composite lymphoma
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Reed-Sternberg cells
- Splenic marginal zone lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine