Cisplatin-induced gastric dysrhythmia and emesis in dogs and possible role of gastric electrical stimulation

Xiaoyun Yu, Jie Yang, Xiaohua Hou, Kan Zhang, Wei Qian, Jiande Chen

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cisplatin on gastric myoelectrical activity and the role of gastric electrical stimulation in the treatment of cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs. Seven dogs implanted with electrodes on the gastric serosa were used in a two-session study. Cisplatin was infused in both the control session and the gastric electrical stimulation session, and gastric electrical stimulation was applied in the gastric electrical stimulation session. Gastric slow waves and emesis, as well as behaviors suggestive of nausea, were recorded during each session. The results were as follows: (1) cisplatin induced vomiting and other symptoms and induced gastric dysrhythmia. The percentage of normal slow waves decreased significantly during the 2.5 h before vomiting (P = 0.01) and the period of vomiting (P <0.001). (2) Gastric electrical stimulation reduced emesis and the symptoms score. The total score in the control session was higher than that in the gastric electrical stimulation session (P = 0.02). However, gastric electrical stimulation had no effects on gastric dysrhythmia. It is concluded that cisplatin induces emesis and gastric dysrhythmia. Gastric electrical stimulation may play a role in relieving chemotherapy-induced emetic responses and deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-927
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Dysrhythmia
  • Gastric electrical stimulation
  • Gastric motility
  • Gastric slow waves
  • Nausea and vomiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology

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