Experimental data suggest that the host's inflammatory response is involved in the pathophysiology of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC)-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We compared the circulating levels of pro- [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8] and anti-inflammatory [IL-10 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (Ra)] mediators on enrollment among children with HUS due to E. coli O157:H7, according to the severity of renal dysfunction. The latter was evaluated by the occurrence of oligoanuria, the requirement for dialysis, and a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≤ 80 ml/min per 1.73 m2 measured 1 year later. Increased levels of IL-6 (P < 0.0001), IL-10 (P < 0.0001), and IL-1Ra (P < 0.07) were found among patients with HUS compared with normal controls. Children with severe renal dysfunction also had tenfold increased levels of IL-6 and higher concentrations of IL-10 and IL-1Ra. Both the IL-6/IL-10 (4.9 ± 8.3 vs. 0.5 ± 0.4, P = 0.01) and the IL-6/IL-1Ra ratios (0.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.01 ± 0.01, P = 0.04) were significantly increased. GFR correlated well with IL-6 levels, IL-6/IL-10 and IL-6/IL-1Ra ratios. Our data demonstrate that the inflammatory response of the host is associated with the severity of renal dysfunction during classic HUS. An imbalance between the pro- and the anti-inflammatory responses may be involved in the pathophysiology of VTEC-associated HUS.
- Escherichia coli
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Renal function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health