Cigarette smoking knowledge, attitudes, and practices of patients and staff at a perinatal substance abuse treatment center

Margaret S. Chisolm, Emily P. Brigham, Samantha J. Lookatch, Michelle Tuten, Eric C. Strain, Hendrée E. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study compares cigarette smoking knowledge, attitudes, and practices (S-KAP) of opioid- and other substance-dependent patients and their multidisciplinary staff at an outpatient perinatal substance abuse treatment center. Consenting patients (n = 95) and staff (n = 41) concurrently completed a modified form of the S-KAP survey instrument. Ninety-five percent of patients reported currently smoking, and half endorsed wanting "to quit smoking now." This patient desire to quit smoking was significantly underrated by staff compared to the patients themselves (p = .028). Both patients and staff demonstrated suboptimal knowledge of smoking health risks, but 73% of patients reported trying to quit with past pregnancies to avoid harm to the fetus/baby. Although results show that patients could benefit from smoking cessation strategies centered on smoking's fetal/neonatal health risks, organizational interventions that focus on changing staff attitudes about patient desire to quit smoking may first need to be implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-305
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Knowledge
  • Practices
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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