Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain: Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey

Gloria A. Bachmann, Raymond Rosen, Lauren Denise Arnold, Irina Burd, George G. Rhoads, Sandra R. Leiblum, Nancy Avis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize and assess the prevalence of chronic gynecologic pain and, more specifically, chronic vulvar pain. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was mailed to women aged 18-80 years who were ambulatory patients at an academic multidisciplinary practice. Quality of life, health history, obstetric and gynecologic history, and pain symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 4,872 surveys mailed to deliverable addresses, 36.8% were returned. The population was primarily Caucasian (83%), with an average age of 50.2 years. Approximately 4% of respondents reported a history of vulvar pain in the 6 months preceding the survey, and 17% reported other types of chronic gynecologic pain. Women reporting vulvar and nonvulvar pain were 2 times as likely as asymptomatic women to report a history of depression and vaginal infections, a poorer quality of life (p <0.001) and greater stress. Dyspareunia and pain with daily activities were reported more frequently by women with vulvar pain than by women with non-vulvar gynecologic pain. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of vulvar pain in this study was lower than previously reported. Chronic gynecologic pain, and vulvar pain in particular, affects quality of life on both intimate and social levels. Self-reported stress and vaginal infections were the strongest correlates of chronic vulvar pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Volume51
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pain
Chronic Pain
Quality of Life
Dyspareunia
Surveys and Questionnaires
Infection
Obstetrics
History
Depression
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Pain
  • Vulvar diseases
  • Vulvodynia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

Cite this

Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain : Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey. / Bachmann, Gloria A.; Rosen, Raymond; Arnold, Lauren Denise; Burd, Irina; Rhoads, George G.; Leiblum, Sandra R.; Avis, Nancy.

In: Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 3-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bachmann, Gloria A. ; Rosen, Raymond ; Arnold, Lauren Denise ; Burd, Irina ; Rhoads, George G. ; Leiblum, Sandra R. ; Avis, Nancy. / Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain : Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey. In: Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist. 2006 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 3-9.
@article{66f0fdbe1b5d47179f7e5482dd9fa31e,
title = "Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain: Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To characterize and assess the prevalence of chronic gynecologic pain and, more specifically, chronic vulvar pain. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was mailed to women aged 18-80 years who were ambulatory patients at an academic multidisciplinary practice. Quality of life, health history, obstetric and gynecologic history, and pain symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 4,872 surveys mailed to deliverable addresses, 36.8{\%} were returned. The population was primarily Caucasian (83{\%}), with an average age of 50.2 years. Approximately 4{\%} of respondents reported a history of vulvar pain in the 6 months preceding the survey, and 17{\%} reported other types of chronic gynecologic pain. Women reporting vulvar and nonvulvar pain were 2 times as likely as asymptomatic women to report a history of depression and vaginal infections, a poorer quality of life (p <0.001) and greater stress. Dyspareunia and pain with daily activities were reported more frequently by women with vulvar pain than by women with non-vulvar gynecologic pain. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of vulvar pain in this study was lower than previously reported. Chronic gynecologic pain, and vulvar pain in particular, affects quality of life on both intimate and social levels. Self-reported stress and vaginal infections were the strongest correlates of chronic vulvar pain.",
keywords = "Pain, Vulvar diseases, Vulvodynia",
author = "Bachmann, {Gloria A.} and Raymond Rosen and Arnold, {Lauren Denise} and Irina Burd and Rhoads, {George G.} and Leiblum, {Sandra R.} and Nancy Avis",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "3--9",
journal = "The Journal of reproductive medicine",
issn = "0024-7758",
publisher = "Donna Kessel",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic vulvar and other gynecologic pain

T2 - Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey

AU - Bachmann, Gloria A.

AU - Rosen, Raymond

AU - Arnold, Lauren Denise

AU - Burd, Irina

AU - Rhoads, George G.

AU - Leiblum, Sandra R.

AU - Avis, Nancy

PY - 2006/1

Y1 - 2006/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To characterize and assess the prevalence of chronic gynecologic pain and, more specifically, chronic vulvar pain. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was mailed to women aged 18-80 years who were ambulatory patients at an academic multidisciplinary practice. Quality of life, health history, obstetric and gynecologic history, and pain symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 4,872 surveys mailed to deliverable addresses, 36.8% were returned. The population was primarily Caucasian (83%), with an average age of 50.2 years. Approximately 4% of respondents reported a history of vulvar pain in the 6 months preceding the survey, and 17% reported other types of chronic gynecologic pain. Women reporting vulvar and nonvulvar pain were 2 times as likely as asymptomatic women to report a history of depression and vaginal infections, a poorer quality of life (p <0.001) and greater stress. Dyspareunia and pain with daily activities were reported more frequently by women with vulvar pain than by women with non-vulvar gynecologic pain. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of vulvar pain in this study was lower than previously reported. Chronic gynecologic pain, and vulvar pain in particular, affects quality of life on both intimate and social levels. Self-reported stress and vaginal infections were the strongest correlates of chronic vulvar pain.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To characterize and assess the prevalence of chronic gynecologic pain and, more specifically, chronic vulvar pain. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was mailed to women aged 18-80 years who were ambulatory patients at an academic multidisciplinary practice. Quality of life, health history, obstetric and gynecologic history, and pain symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: Of the 4,872 surveys mailed to deliverable addresses, 36.8% were returned. The population was primarily Caucasian (83%), with an average age of 50.2 years. Approximately 4% of respondents reported a history of vulvar pain in the 6 months preceding the survey, and 17% reported other types of chronic gynecologic pain. Women reporting vulvar and nonvulvar pain were 2 times as likely as asymptomatic women to report a history of depression and vaginal infections, a poorer quality of life (p <0.001) and greater stress. Dyspareunia and pain with daily activities were reported more frequently by women with vulvar pain than by women with non-vulvar gynecologic pain. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of vulvar pain in this study was lower than previously reported. Chronic gynecologic pain, and vulvar pain in particular, affects quality of life on both intimate and social levels. Self-reported stress and vaginal infections were the strongest correlates of chronic vulvar pain.

KW - Pain

KW - Vulvar diseases

KW - Vulvodynia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=31644448421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=31644448421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16482769

AN - SCOPUS:31644448421

VL - 51

SP - 3

EP - 9

JO - The Journal of reproductive medicine

JF - The Journal of reproductive medicine

SN - 0024-7758

IS - 1

ER -