Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acquired disorders affecting the immune system: A case-control study

Martha S. Linet, Lee D. McCaffrey, Richard L. Humphrey, Ronald Brookmeyer, Mark L. Van Natta, James M. Tielsch, Wilma B. Bias, Jan A. Markowitz, Seldon C. Kravitz, Moyses Szklo

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36 Scopus citations


The relationship of a number of subacute or chronic infectious diseases, connective tissue or autoimmune disorders, allergic conditions, and surgical excision of lymphoid tissue with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was examined in a case-control study involving 342 cases and 342 matched controls. In both analyses of all matched pairs and those pairs in which both subjects were respondents, no statistically significant association was found between a history of subacute viral infections or subacute and chronic bacterial infections and CLL. Connective tissue or autoimmune disorders also were found not to be associated with CLL. Examination of the association between several allergic conditions and CLL suggested a protective effect as did a "doseresponse" analysis, although none of the individual disorders showed a statistically significant relationship; however, a test for linear trend was significant (P=.04). Similarly, examination of the relationship between surgical excision of lymphoid tissue in several anatomic locations and CLL showed a protective effect, statistically significant for tonsillectomy-adenoidectomy (odds ratio = 0.69; 95% confidence interval = 0.48, 0.98). A statistically significant negative dose-response relationship, substantiating the protectiveness of the effect, was found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-378
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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