Chronic hypoxia abolished the postnatal increase in carotid body type I cell sensitivity to hypoxia

L. M. Sterni, O. S. Bamford, M. J. Wasicko, J. L. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The O2 sensitivity of carotid chemoreceptor type I cells is low just after birth and increases with postnatal age. Chronic hypoxia during postnatal maturation blunts ventilatory and carotid chemoreceptor neural responses to hypoxia, but the mechanism remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that chronic hypoxia from birth impairs the postnatal increase in type I cell O2 sensitivity by comparing intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) responses to graded hypoxia in type I cell clusters from rats born and reared in room air or 12% O2. [Ca2+](i) levels at 0, 1, 5, and 21% O2, as well as with 40 mM K+, were measured at 3, 11, and 18 days of age with use of fura 2 in freshly isolated cells. The [Ca2+](i) response to elevated CO2/low pH was measured at 11 days. Chronic hypoxia from birth abolished the normal developmental increase in the type I cell [Ca2+](i) response to hypoxia. Effects of chronic hypoxia on development of [Ca2+](i) responses to elevated K+ were small, and [Ca2+](i) responses to CO2 remained unaffected. Impairment of type I cell maturation was partially reversible on return to normoxic conditions. These results indicate that chronic hypoxia severely impairs the postnatal development of carotid chemoreceptor O2 sensitivity at the cellular level and leaves responses to other stimuli largely intact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L645-L652
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume277
Issue number3 21-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Birth
  • Calcium
  • Carotid chemoreceptors
  • Maturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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