Chronic ethanol administration decreases phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein in granule cells of rat cerebellum

Xiaoju Yang, Kristin Horn, Jay M. Baraban, Gary S. Wand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To help define the molecular basis of ethanol's actions on the nervous system, we have in previous studies demonstrated that ethanol administration triggers a robust increase in cyclic AMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation in the cerebellum. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of acute and chronic ethanol exposure on the phosphorylation of CREB in rat cerebellum and to determine which cell types in the cerebellum display this response to ethanol. An acute ethanol challenge (3.0 g/kg of body weight) induced a rapid increase in content of the phosphorylated form of CREB, peaking at 30 min and declining to basal levels within 2 h. Immunocytochemical studies revealed prominent ethanol- induced changes in phosphoCREB in the granule cell layer, with little phosphoCREB apparent in Purkinje cells. Following chronic ethanol exposure (5 weeks), induction of CREB phosphorylation by a subsequent acute ethanol challenge was markedly attenuated. The attenuation in CREB phosphorylation was associated with a significant reduction in the levels of the catalytic unit of protein kinase A and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV. In summary, induction of CREB phosphorylation in cerebellum is most prominent in the granule cell layer. Neuroadaptation to chronic ethanol exposure includes a reduction in nuclear protein kinase A and calcium/calmodulin- dependent protein kinase IV levels, an event associated with impaired CREB phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Cerebellum
  • Cyclic AMP-response element binding protein
  • Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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