Chromosome mapping of Rett syndrome: A likely candidate region on the telomere of Xq

Fengqing Xiang, Zhiping Zhang, Angus Clarke, Pereira Joseluiz, Naidu Sakkubai, Budden Sarojini, Celia D. Delozier-Blanchet, Ingo Hansmann, Lars Edström, Maria Anvret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rett syndrome (RS) is a disease of neurological development. First reported 30 years ago in 1966, its biological and genetic basis remains obscure. RS is commonly thought of as an X linked dominant disorder lethal to hemizygous males. The few familial cases would arise through mosaicism or because of occasional females failing to manifest the disorder through skewed X inactivation in relevant cell types. We have one family where the mother and daughter are affected with RS, and which can be explained according to this hypothesis. If the alternative proposal of Thomas is correct, that the lack of males affected by such disorders is the result of a high male to female ratio of germline mutations rather than of gestational lethality, then the RS gene should be located on the grandpaternal chromosome. Genomic screening with markers covering the whole X chromosome has been performed. Studies using multiple informative markers indicate that the RS locus is likely to be located close to one of the X chromosome telomeres. Further investigations in eight additional families suggest the most likely region for the RS gene to be is the distal part of Xq (Xq28).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-300
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of medical genetics
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Gene mapping
  • Rett syndrome
  • X chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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