CHRNB3 is more strongly associated with Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependence-based nicotine dependence than cigarettes per day: Phenotype definition changes genome-wide association studies results

John P. Rice, Sarah M. Hartz, Arpana Agrawal, Laura Almasy, Siiri Bennett, Naomi Breslau, Kathleen K. Bucholz, Kimberly F. Doheny, Howard J. Edenberg, Alison M. Goate, Victor Hesselbrock, William B. Howells, Eric O. Johnson, John Kramer, Robert F. Krueger, Samuel Kuperman, Cathy Laurie, Teri A. Manolio, Rosalind J. Neuman, John I. NurnbergerBernice Porjesz, Elizabeth Pugh, Erin M. Ramos, Nancy Saccone, Scott Saccone, Marc Schuckit, Laura J. Bierut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: Nicotine dependence is a highly heritable disorder associated with severe medical morbidity and mortality. Recent meta-analyses have found novel genetic loci associated with cigarettes per day (CPD), a proxy for nicotine dependence. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the importance of phenotype definition (i.e. CPD versus Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependence (FTCD) score as a measure of nicotine dependence) on genome-wide association studies of nicotine dependence. Design: Genome-wide association study. Setting: Community sample. Participants: A total of 3365 subjects who had smoked at least one cigarette were selected from the Study of Addiction: Genetics and Environment (SAGE). Of the participants, 2267 were European Americans, 999 were African Americans. Measurements: Nicotine dependence defined by FTCD score ≥4, CPD. Findings: The genetic locus most strongly associated with nicotine dependence was rs1451240 on chromosome 8 in the region of CHRNB3 [odds ratio (OR)=0.65, P=2.4×10 -8]. This association was further strengthened in a meta-analysis with a previously published data set (combined P=6.7×10 -16, total n=4200). When CPD was used as an alternate phenotype, the association no longer reached genome-wide significance (β=-0.08, P=0.0004). Conclusions: Daily cigarette consumption and the Fagerstrom Test for Cigarette Dependence show different associations with polymorphisms in genetic loci.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2019-2028
Number of pages10
JournalAddiction
Volume107
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • CHRNB3
  • Genome-wide association studies
  • Meta-analysis
  • Phenotype definitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Rice, J. P., Hartz, S. M., Agrawal, A., Almasy, L., Bennett, S., Breslau, N., Bucholz, K. K., Doheny, K. F., Edenberg, H. J., Goate, A. M., Hesselbrock, V., Howells, W. B., Johnson, E. O., Kramer, J., Krueger, R. F., Kuperman, S., Laurie, C., Manolio, T. A., Neuman, R. J., ... Bierut, L. J. (2012). CHRNB3 is more strongly associated with Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependence-based nicotine dependence than cigarettes per day: Phenotype definition changes genome-wide association studies results. Addiction, 107(11), 2019-2028. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03922.x