Intellectual disability (ID) found in Down syndrome (DS), which is characterized by an extra copy of 234 genes on Chr21 is poorly understood. We first used two DS mouse models that either display an extra copy of the Dyrk1A gene or of the mouse Chr16 syntenic region. Exome sequencing of transcripts deregulated in embryonic hippocampus uncovers enrichment in genes involved in chromatin and synapse respectively. Using large-scale yeast two-hybrid screen (154 distinct screens) of human brain library containing at least 107 independent fragments, we identified 3,636 novel protein-protein interactions with an enrichment of direct interactors of both Chromosome 21(Hsa21) baits and rebounds in ID-related genes. Using proximity ligation assays, we identified that Hsa21-encoded proteins are located at the dendritic spine postsynaptic density in a protein network located at the dendritic spine post synapse. Hsa21 DYRK1A and DSCAM that confers a ~ 20-fold increase in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are part of this dendritic spine postsynaptic network. We found that a DSCAM intracellular domain binds either DYRK1A or DLGs that are multimeric scaffolds for the clustering of receptors, ion channels, and associated signaling proteins. The DYRK1A-DSCAM interaction is conserved from drosophila to humans. The identified postsynaptic.network is enriched in ARC-related synaptic plasticity, ASDs and Late-Onset Alzheimer Disease. Altogether, these results emphasize links between DS and brain diseases with complex genetics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)