Purpose: Ocular ischemia from polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is rare. The authors present a case of multifocal ocular infarction from PAN. Methods and Results: A 70-year-old woman developed hand and foot numbness followed by intermittent blurred vision and binocular horizontal diplopia. Two weeks later, she suddenly lost vision in the right eye from a central retinal artery occlusion and then developed a left anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and bilateral triangular choroidal abnormalities consistent with infarction. Her erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were elevated. Although giant cell arteritis was suspected, a multiple mononeuropathy was demonstrated by electromyogram and nerve conduction velocity studies. Biopsy specimens from her sural nerve and biceps muscle showed a necrotizing vasculitis with fibrinoid necrosis, consistent with PAN. Conclusions: Polyarteritis nodosa can produce ischemia of a variety of ocular structures, including the retina, choroid, and optic nerve. In our patient, all three structures were affected. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of the triangular sign of Amalric in PAN.
- Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
- Central retinal artery occlusion
- Choroidal infarction
- Multiple mononeuropathy
- Polyarteritis nodosa
- Triangular sign
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