Background. Post-term choriocarcinoma is a rare complication of pregnancy. The presence of epithelioid trophoblastic elements may lead to the persistence of locally invasive disease which is unresponsive to multiagent chemotherapy. Relapse is associated with an estimated mortality rate of 30%. Case. We present a case of Stage IC post-term choriocarcinoma and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor. While the metastatic sites in the lungs responded to multiagent chemotherapy, a hysterectomy was required to treat persistent disease in the uterus. The patient relapsed within 4 months of completion of chemotherapy. Relapse was treated with high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell support. The patient is alive with no evidence of disease 23 months posttransplant. Conclusions. The application of multimodality treatment and high-dose chemotherapy resulted in a successful outcome for this patient, indicating a potential role for high-dose therapy in patients who suffer a relapse of choriocarcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology