Cholecystokinin-8 increases Fos-like immunoreactivity in the brainstem and myenteric neurons of rats through CCK1 receptors

Stephen Gulley, Sanjay K. Sharma, Timothy H. Moran, Ayman I. Sayegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To examine the role of cholecystokinin1 receptor (CCK 1) in the activation of brainstem and myenteric neurons by CCK, we compared the ability of exogenous CCK-8 to induce Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) in these neurons in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, lacking CCK1 receptors, and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. Five groups (n = 4 rats per group) of OLETF rats, and five LETO control groups, were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with 5, 10, 20, and 40 μg/kg CCK-8 or saline. Forty-micrometer brainstem sections containing the area postrema, nucleus of the solitary tract, and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, and myenteric neurons of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum underwent a diaminobenzidine reaction enhanced with nickel to reveal Fos-LI. CCK-8 did not increase Fos-LI in any of the tested neurons in the OLETF rats. CCK-8 increased Fos-LI in the brainstem of the LETO rats in a dose dependent manner. In the LETO rats only 40 μg/kg CCK-8 increased Fos-LI in the myenteric plexus of the jejunum. This study demonstrates that CCK-8 activates the brainstem and myenteric neurons through the CCK1 receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1622
Number of pages6
JournalPeptides
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Brainstem
  • CCK receptor
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Enteric nervous system
  • Fos
  • Hindbrain
  • LETO
  • Myenteric plexus
  • OLETF
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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