Chlorine-induced permeability recovery for low-pressure membrane filtration of natural waters

Haiou Huang, Thayer A. Young, Joseph G. Jacangelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Chlorine treatment is widely used by membrane filtration plants to recover the loss of membrane permeability encountered in low-pressure membrane (LPM) filtration of natural waters. However, there are few methodical studies in the literature addressing the efficacy of chlorine in cleaning membranes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess chlorine-induced permeability recovery (CIPR) of LPMs using the Ct concept (product of chlorine dose concentration and treatment time) commonly employed in the disinfection literature. The experimental work was conducted by evaluating the efficacy of CIPR for a membrane and water combination under variable Ct exposures and determining the presence of minimum effective Ct exposure and proper empirical models for the CIPR. The results showed that the efficacy of CIPR depended on both C and t. A minimum Ct exposure of approximately 2 × 105 (min mg)/L was required for effective CIPR, and the relationship between the residual fouling and chlorine exposures was best fitted using a revised Chick-Watson model. These results may be explained by a conceptual model that considers CIPR as a sequential process of oxidation of organic foulants and diffusional detachment of the reaction products from membrane surfaces. Additional work is needed to validate the applicability of the model to other waters and membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-57
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 15 2008


  • Chlorine-induced permeability recovery (CIPR)
  • Ct effect
  • Fouling
  • Low-pressure membrane filtration
  • Membrane cleaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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