Chiral recognition as well as chirality transfer in supramolecular self-assembly and on-surface coordination is studied for the enantiopure 6,13-dicyanohelicene building block. It is remarkable that, with this helical molecule, both H-bonded chains and metal-coordinated chains can be formed on the same substrate, thereby allowing for a direct comparison of the chain bonding motifs and their effects on the self-assembly in experiment and theory. Conformational flexure and both adsorbate/adsorbent and intermolecular interactions can be identified as factors influencing the chiral recognition at the binding site. The observed H-bonded chains are chiral, however, the overall appearance of Cu-coordinated chains is no longer chiral. The study was performed via scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray-photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. We show a significant influence of the molecular flexibility and the type of bonding motif on the chirality transfer in the 1D self-assembly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry