Childhood functional status, family stressors, and psychosocial adjustment among school-aged children with disabilities in the United States

Whitney P. Witt, Anne W. Riley, Mary Jo Coiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: During the last 30 years, several studies have indicated that children with disabilities are at increased risk for emotional and behavioral morbidity. Population-based studies are needed to understand the relationship between functional status, family stressors, and the psychosocial adjustment of children with disabilities. Methods: Using data from the 1994 and 1995 National Health Interview Surveys, Disability Supplement, this study examines the associations between children's functional status, family stressors, and the psychosocial adjustment of school-aged children with disabilities. Results: Regression analyses indicate that children's functional impairments in the areas of communication or learning, poor maternal health and mental health, family burden, and poverty are significantly and positively associated with psychosocial maladjustment among children with disabilities. Concluslons: Children's functional activity limitations and family stressors are significant correlates of psychosocial adjustment among children with disabilities. These data indicate a need for routine screening for mental health problems among children with disabilities, as well as a family-oriented approach to their medical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume157
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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