Childhood, adolescent, and young adult predictors of suicidal behaviors: A prospective study of African Americans

Hee Soon Juon, Margaret Ensminger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to social integration, depression, and aggression/substance use in a cohort of African Americans followed prospectively from first grade to age 32. Lifetime depressive moods in adulthood, lifetime use of cocaine, and frequent mobility were associated with suicidal behaviors for both males and females. For males, having been in a mother-alone or mother-absent family at age 6, childhood psychopathology, and not being married were related to suicidal behaviors. Females who reported high assault behavior in adolescence were more likely to report suicide attempts. The results suggest that social integration, depression, and aggression/drug use are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors in this African American population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-563
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

African Americans
Young Adult
Prospective Studies
Aggression
Mothers
Depression
Psychopathology
Cocaine
Suicide
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Depression
  • Drug use
  • Longitudinal study
  • Social integration
  • Suicidal behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{f2abda4176ae40c0aa95fbb49c5235ed,
title = "Childhood, adolescent, and young adult predictors of suicidal behaviors: A prospective study of African Americans",
abstract = "This study examined the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to social integration, depression, and aggression/substance use in a cohort of African Americans followed prospectively from first grade to age 32. Lifetime depressive moods in adulthood, lifetime use of cocaine, and frequent mobility were associated with suicidal behaviors for both males and females. For males, having been in a mother-alone or mother-absent family at age 6, childhood psychopathology, and not being married were related to suicidal behaviors. Females who reported high assault behavior in adolescence were more likely to report suicide attempts. The results suggest that social integration, depression, and aggression/drug use are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors in this African American population.",
keywords = "African Americans, Depression, Drug use, Longitudinal study, Social integration, Suicidal behaviors",
author = "Juon, {Hee Soon} and Margaret Ensminger",
year = "1997",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01542.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "553--563",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood, adolescent, and young adult predictors of suicidal behaviors

T2 - A prospective study of African Americans

AU - Juon, Hee Soon

AU - Ensminger, Margaret

PY - 1997/7

Y1 - 1997/7

N2 - This study examined the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to social integration, depression, and aggression/substance use in a cohort of African Americans followed prospectively from first grade to age 32. Lifetime depressive moods in adulthood, lifetime use of cocaine, and frequent mobility were associated with suicidal behaviors for both males and females. For males, having been in a mother-alone or mother-absent family at age 6, childhood psychopathology, and not being married were related to suicidal behaviors. Females who reported high assault behavior in adolescence were more likely to report suicide attempts. The results suggest that social integration, depression, and aggression/drug use are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors in this African American population.

AB - This study examined the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to social integration, depression, and aggression/substance use in a cohort of African Americans followed prospectively from first grade to age 32. Lifetime depressive moods in adulthood, lifetime use of cocaine, and frequent mobility were associated with suicidal behaviors for both males and females. For males, having been in a mother-alone or mother-absent family at age 6, childhood psychopathology, and not being married were related to suicidal behaviors. Females who reported high assault behavior in adolescence were more likely to report suicide attempts. The results suggest that social integration, depression, and aggression/drug use are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors in this African American population.

KW - African Americans

KW - Depression

KW - Drug use

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - Social integration

KW - Suicidal behaviors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030811210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030811210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01542.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1997.tb01542.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 9255699

AN - SCOPUS:0030811210

VL - 38

SP - 553

EP - 563

JO - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

JF - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

SN - 0021-9630

IS - 5

ER -