Childhood, adolescent, and young adult predictors of suicidal behaviors: A prospective study of African Americans

Hee Soon Juon, Margaret Ensminger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study examined the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to social integration, depression, and aggression/substance use in a cohort of African Americans followed prospectively from first grade to age 32. Lifetime depressive moods in adulthood, lifetime use of cocaine, and frequent mobility were associated with suicidal behaviors for both males and females. For males, having been in a mother-alone or mother-absent family at age 6, childhood psychopathology, and not being married were related to suicidal behaviors. Females who reported high assault behavior in adolescence were more likely to report suicide attempts. The results suggest that social integration, depression, and aggression/drug use are important risk factors for suicidal behaviors in this African American population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-563
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes



  • African Americans
  • Depression
  • Drug use
  • Longitudinal study
  • Social integration
  • Suicidal behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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