Child-rearing practices and nursing caries

J. R. Serwint, R. Mungo, V. F. Negrete, A. K. Duggan, B. M. Korsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. To determine which child-rearing practices are associated with nursing caries. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. Hospital-based general pediatric clinic. Participants. Sequential sample of 110 healthy children aged 18 to 36 months. Outcome measures. Feeding practices of children, limit-setting issues, and familial dental health were determined by maternal interview. Nursing caries were diagnosed by dental examination. Results. Nursing caries were found in 22 (20%) of the children. Ninety percent of children with and without caries were bottle-feeding at 12 and 18 months of age. Ninety-one percent of children with caries and 84% without were still drinking a nighttime bottle at 18 months (P = .33). The mothers of children with caries were found to have fewer years of education, 8.9 vs 10.8 years (P = .02), and were more likely to have eight or more cavities, 55% vs 19% (P = .002). More infants in the caries group had been breast-fed, 72% vs 46% (P = .02), although length of breast-feeding was similar, 5.4 vs 6.7 months. Fewer children with caries drank fluoridated tap water, 27% vs 54% (P = .05), but there were no differences in topical fluoride use, dental hygiene practices, or visits to the dentist. Conclusions. These findings fail to substantiate a straightforward relationship between child-rearing practices and nursing caries and suggest that well-designed prospective studies are need to clarify the etiology of early caries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-237
Number of pages5
JournalPediatrics
Volume92
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Keywords

  • bottle-feeding
  • breast-feeding
  • child rearing
  • dental hygiene
  • limit setting
  • nursing caries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Serwint, J. R., Mungo, R., Negrete, V. F., Duggan, A. K., & Korsch, B. M. (1993). Child-rearing practices and nursing caries. Pediatrics, 92(2 I), 233-237.