Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health

John T. Cook, Deborah A. Frank, Suzette M. Levenson, Nicole Neault Neault, Tim C. Heeren, Maurine M. Black, Carol Berkowitz, Patrick H. Casey, Alan F. Meyers, Diana B. Cutts, Mariana Chilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The US Food Security Scale (USFSS) measures household and child food insecurity (CFI) separately. Our goal was to determine whether CFI increases risks posed by household food insecurity (HFI) to child health and whether the Food Stamp Program (FSP) modifies these effects. From 1998 to 2004, 17,158 caregivers of children ages 36 mo were interviewed in six urban medical centers. Interviews included demographics, the USFSS, child health status, and hospitalization history. Ten percent reported HFI, 12% HFI and CFI (H&CFI). Compared with food-secure children, those with HFI had significantly greater adjusted odds of fair/poor health and being hospitalized since birth, and those with H&CFI had even greater adverse effects. Participation in the FSP modified the effects of FI on child health status and hospitalizations, reducing, but not eliminating, them. Children in FSP-participating households that were HFI had lower adjusted odds of fair/poor health [1.37 (95% CI, 1.06-1.77)] than children in similar non-FSP households [1.61 (95% CI, 1.31-1.98)]. Children in FSP-participating households that were H&CFI also had lower adjusted odds of fair/poor health [1.72 (95% CI, 1.34-2.21)] than in similar non-FSP households [2.14 (95% CI, 1.81-2.54)]. HFI is positively associated with fair/poor health and hospitalizations in young children. With H&CFI, odds of fair/poor health and hospitalizations are even greater. Participation in FSP reduces, but does not eliminate, effects of FI on fair/poor health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1073-1076
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume136
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Food Supply
food security
households
Health Fairs
Food Assistance
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Hospitalization
Child Health
health status
Health Status
Security Measures
caregivers
Caregivers

Keywords

  • Child food security
  • Child health
  • Food stamps
  • Household food security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Cook, J. T., Frank, D. A., Levenson, S. M., Neault, N. N., Heeren, T. C., Black, M. M., ... Chilton, M. (2006). Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health. Journal of Nutrition, 136(4), 1073-1076.

Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health. / Cook, John T.; Frank, Deborah A.; Levenson, Suzette M.; Neault, Nicole Neault; Heeren, Tim C.; Black, Maurine M.; Berkowitz, Carol; Casey, Patrick H.; Meyers, Alan F.; Cutts, Diana B.; Chilton, Mariana.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 136, No. 4, 04.2006, p. 1073-1076.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cook, JT, Frank, DA, Levenson, SM, Neault, NN, Heeren, TC, Black, MM, Berkowitz, C, Casey, PH, Meyers, AF, Cutts, DB & Chilton, M 2006, 'Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 136, no. 4, pp. 1073-1076.
Cook JT, Frank DA, Levenson SM, Neault NN, Heeren TC, Black MM et al. Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health. Journal of Nutrition. 2006 Apr;136(4):1073-1076.
Cook, John T. ; Frank, Deborah A. ; Levenson, Suzette M. ; Neault, Nicole Neault ; Heeren, Tim C. ; Black, Maurine M. ; Berkowitz, Carol ; Casey, Patrick H. ; Meyers, Alan F. ; Cutts, Diana B. ; Chilton, Mariana. / Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2006 ; Vol. 136, No. 4. pp. 1073-1076.
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abstract = "The US Food Security Scale (USFSS) measures household and child food insecurity (CFI) separately. Our goal was to determine whether CFI increases risks posed by household food insecurity (HFI) to child health and whether the Food Stamp Program (FSP) modifies these effects. From 1998 to 2004, 17,158 caregivers of children ages 36 mo were interviewed in six urban medical centers. Interviews included demographics, the USFSS, child health status, and hospitalization history. Ten percent reported HFI, 12{\%} HFI and CFI (H&CFI). Compared with food-secure children, those with HFI had significantly greater adjusted odds of fair/poor health and being hospitalized since birth, and those with H&CFI had even greater adverse effects. Participation in the FSP modified the effects of FI on child health status and hospitalizations, reducing, but not eliminating, them. Children in FSP-participating households that were HFI had lower adjusted odds of fair/poor health [1.37 (95{\%} CI, 1.06-1.77)] than children in similar non-FSP households [1.61 (95{\%} CI, 1.31-1.98)]. Children in FSP-participating households that were H&CFI also had lower adjusted odds of fair/poor health [1.72 (95{\%} CI, 1.34-2.21)] than in similar non-FSP households [2.14 (95{\%} CI, 1.81-2.54)]. HFI is positively associated with fair/poor health and hospitalizations in young children. With H&CFI, odds of fair/poor health and hospitalizations are even greater. Participation in FSP reduces, but does not eliminate, effects of FI on fair/poor health.",
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