Child and adult pedestrian impact: the influence of vehicle type on injury severity.

Basem Y. Henary, Jeff Crandall, Kavi Bhalla, Charles N. Mock, Bahman S. Roudsari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


In the United States, the vehicle fleet is shifting from predominantly passenger cars (automobiles) to SUVs, light trucks, and vans (LTV). This study investigates how pedestrian severe injury and mortality are associated with vehicle type and pedestrian age. The Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) database for years 1994-1998 was used for a cross-sectional study design. Outcome measures were Injury Severity Score, Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score, Abbreviated Injury Scale, Pedestrian Mortality, Functional Capacity Index and Life Years Lost to Injury. Compared to children, adult pedestrians were more likely to sustain severe injury (OR = 2.81; 95% CI: 1.56-5.06) or mortality (OR = 2.91; 95% CI: 1.10-7.74) when examining all vehicle types. However, after adjusting for vehicle type and impact speed, this association was not statistically significant at p < 0.05. Compared to passenger cars, pedestrians struck by LTV were more likely to have severe injuries (OR = 1.31; 95% CI: 0.88-1.94) or mortality (OR = 1.40; 95% CI: 0.84-2.34) for all pedestrians. Adjusting for pedestrian age, this association was more obvious and significant at lower impact speeds ( < or = 30 km/h); odds ratios of severe injury and mortality were 3.34 (p< 0.01) and 1.87 (p= 0.07), respectively. Adults hit by LTV had the highest risk of injury and mortality. These findings indicate that pedestrian age, vehicle engineering design and impact speed are highly contributing to risks of pedestrian injury and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-126
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual proceedings / Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine
StatePublished - 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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