Chilaiditi syndrome in pediatric patients - Symptomatic hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of colon: A case report and review of literature

Luis Caicedo, Paul Wasuwanich, Andrés Rivera, Maria S. Lopez, Wikrom Karnsakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of the intestine. CASE SUMMARY Here we report a case of a 12-year-old male who was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit secondary to abdominal pain and severe respiratory distress. He was treated conservatively but the symptoms persisted requiring a surgical approach. While there have been several cases of Chilaiditi syndrome reported in adults, there is a scarcity of cases reported in the pediatric population. Our review of the literature found only 30 pediatric cases, including our reported case, with Chilaiditi syndrome, 19 (63%) of which were male. The median age of diagnosis was 4.5 years old with an interquartile range of 2.0-10.0 years. In our review, we found that the most common predisposing factors in children are aerophagia (12/30 cases) and constipation (13/30 cases). Ninety percent of the cases presented with complete intestinal interposition, in 100% of which, the colon was involved. Three of the 30 cases were associated with volvulus. CONCLUSION In the pediatric population, conservative (21/30 cases) and surgical (8/30 cases) treatment approaches have produced satisfactory outcomes for all the patients, regardless of approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2021

Keywords

  • Abdominal pain
  • Case report
  • Colon
  • Constipation
  • Dyspnea
  • Rare diseases
  • Respiratory insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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