Purpose: To evaluate the role of CT-textural features for monitoring lung involvement in subjects with systemic sclerosis(SSc) undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation(SCT) by comparison with semi-quantitative chest-CT, pulmonary function tests(PFT) and clinical parameters (modified Rodnan skin score[mRSS]). Methods: In a retrospective single centre analysis, we identified 23 consecutive subjects(11male) with SSc between 07/2005 and 11/2016 that underwent chest CTs before, 6 and 12 months post-SCT. Response to therapy was defined at 6 months after transplantation as stabilisation or improvement in FVC > 10% and DLCOSB > 10%. CT-texture analysis(CTTA) including mean, entropy and uniformity were calculated. Results: PFT classified the subjects into responders(18/23;78%) and non-responders(5/23;22%). mRSS improved in responders from 28.46 ± 9.53 to 15.70 ± 10.07 6 months after auto-SCT(p =.001) whereas in non-responders no significant improvement was registered. Fibrosis score increased significantly(mean2.33 ± 1.23 vs.1.41 ± 0.78; p =.005) in non-responders after 6 and 12months. Significant lower mean intensity and entropy of skewness and higher uniformity of skewness was found in responders vs. non-responders at baseline. Significant changes in CTTA-parameters were found in both responders and non-responders at 6months and only in responders also at 12months post-SCT. Conclusions: Changes in CT-textural features after SCT are associated with visual CT evaluation of SSc-related lung abnormalities, but complementary provide information about therapy-induced, structural pulmonary changes.
- Autologous transplantation
- Stem cell transplantation
- Systemic sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging